Also known as: English Walnut, French, Italian, Circassian, Persian Walnut etc.
Botanical Name: Juglans regia
Origin: Europe and Western Asia
Description: This lovely veneer varies hugely in appearance with each individual log, both as to colour and grain pattern. Light greyish brown to dark brown, sometimes with darker streaks and irregular markings, the veneers from some logs can be architectural in structure whilst others are wild grained and figured. Others yet may have a handsome mottle figure. This species has been highly prized for fine furniture and architectural interior work for many years. The trees are sometimes felled below ground level in view of the attractive, wild “butty” wood in that area where the trunk starts to grow away from the roots. Veneer is produced by flat slicing across the logs to yield as much crown material as possible, although the frequent occurrence of a large heart defect, particularly in the older trees, can result in there being a high proportion of halves which will be half-crown or straight grain. Some Walnuts retain an unusually large proportion of sapwood and the veneer from these logs, simply known as Sap Walnut, is a pleasing all-over light yellowy-brown to light pinky-brown. Walnut trees often develop burr growths and these, when sound and of sufficient size, can yield very fine veneer, valued for fine antique replica furniture making and special interior woodwork. Both colour and burr content can be extremely variable but it almost always exudes a look of high quality when finished. Curl veneer is sometimes produced from the region where the trunk forks into two lower branches, and although rarely large and often faulty, these Walnut curls can be very attractive for small panels, drawer fronts, etc.